In this paper, researchers conducted a user study to explore how kinesthetic cues can aid spatial memory. In the user study, participants were asked to place some objects on specific locations using either mouse or touch. Then after some distractions, they were asked to try to recognize which objects they had seen and placed and recalled the locations. Results showed that people had higher error rate while using mouse and female participants performed better when using mouse. In the other cases, there is no significant differences between mouse and touch nor between male and female.
What is kinesthetic cues: “… cues derived implicitly from knowing parts of the body’s position with respect to itself or to the environment.”
“Humans access memories through cues, or ‘memory hooks’ acquired at the time we learn the information.” There are visual and audio cues as well as the kinesthetic cues talked about in the paper. So spatial memory vs. cues is a many-to-many relations (different cues serve for different memory).