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Blah, HCI

Understanding the three memory systems by Tulving

In his paper ‘How Many Memory Systems Are There’, Endel Tulving mentioned ‘a ternary classification scheme of memory’ in which a ‘monohierarchical arrangement’ of memory is constituted of the following three kinds of memory:

Procedural Memory

Memory of how we do things. For example, we have memory about how to play a piano, drive a car, tie our shoes, etc.

Semantic Memory

Memory of the knowledge of the world. For example, we know the history of our country, apple falls because of gravity, what it means to be sustainable, etc.

Episodic Memory

Memory of specific experience. For example, going skiing last weekend, having been to Spain, almost failed in a Math exam in junior high school, etc.

In some other papers (e.g. Edward, S, Casey’s ‘Habitual Body and Memory in Merleau-Ponty’), a dichotomy of memory is constituted of what is called ‘image memory‘ (aka. ‘recollection’) and ‘habitual memory‘ (able to repeat something physically without being able to representing it mentally).

To my understanding, habitual memory greatly overlaps with procedural memory while semantic memory and episodic memory more belong to image memory.


About Xiang 'Anthony' Chen

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