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論語, 古文

侃侃 誾誾 與與

朝,與下大夫言,侃侃如也;與上大夫言,誾誾如也。君在,踧踖如也,與與如也。

這三個詞特別值得琢磨:侃侃是和樂的樣子,是對下大夫的態度,沒有任何架子,打成一片,態度和藹。誾誾是恭敬而正直的樣子——很多人往往只有其中一種。過分恭敬則是奉承,過分正直則是得罪人。只有兩者調和才是對上大夫之類的正確態度。與與則是威儀適度的意思——這再次反映了一種中庸的思想,過猶不及,凡是只有調和才是正確的終點。

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About Xiang 'Anthony' Chen

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